PUBLICATIONS

IIERJ

NEWSLETTER

The IARSA Newsletter is published four times a year by the International Association of Research Scholars & Administrators (IARSA) and is distributed to all current members of the association. The newsletter features news from the IARSA headquarters and from other branches of the Association, reports from our research fellows, articles on research across the globe, reviews, commentary, and announcements.

IARSA members are invited to submit reports on their research, book announcements, commentary, film and book reviews, and announcements for relevant conferences, fellowships, etc. This is a good opportunity to let people know what you are working on and to get announcements out to the IARSA network of scholars. Material for publication in upcoming newsletters should be submitted electronically to IARSA by February 2 June 15, September 8 and December2. Items that arrive after these due dates will be considered for the following edition of the newsletter. IARSA has the right to reject items that do not comply with the goals and purposes of the organization and reserves the right to edit and/or modify any submissions for content, format or length. Opinions expressed in published articles, however, belong solely to the author(s).

The IARSA Newsletter is an electronic publication for members of the International Association of Research Scholars & Administrators (IARSA).

The most recent issue of the newsletter is emailed to IARSA members only. Some past issues are available online for non-members.

COMMUNIQUÉS

OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS

In recent years free, on line journals, many of them open access and peer-reviewed, have begun to both challenge and complement traditional academic publishing. This is a welcome development and IARSA is developing a resource on its website with links to journals in academic and global research.
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Please send your suggestions for journals to include and help develop this service for IARSA members and academic and global research community at large. Please include the journal title, publisher, URL and a brief description.

COPYRIGHT ISSUES

By submitting to IIERJ, authors acknowledge sole responsibility for copyright issues.

IARSA Conference Organization Committees (COO) and IIERJ Editorial Committee are not liable for the content of any paper.

Authors retain copyright of papers submitted to IIERJ and grant the publication a non-exclusive right to reproduce their papers on the web.

POLICY ON PUBLICATIONS

Policy Statement

One important component of the Mission of the International Association of Research Scholars & Administrators (IARSA) is the advancement of knowledge in the service of society. This mission is not served by constraining the dissemination of research contributions. IARSA therefore encourages authors of papers published at IARSA conferences to submit them for publication in IARSA International Education and Research Journal (IIERJ) bearing in mind that most journals expect a more substantial contribution than most conferences. Specifically, it is the policy of IARSA that:

1) A paper published at an IARSA conference may be submitted to IARSA International Education and Research Journal (IIERJ), even without change; and 2)
2) A paper submitted to IARSA International Education and Research Journal (IIERJ) cannot be rejected only because an earlier version of the paper was previously published at a conference.

Implementation

IARSA conferences (and IARSA affiliated conferences) shall either:
1. permit authors to retain copyright or
2. if the conference retains copyright, post a statement on their website explicitly granting authors permission to republish their papers in their entirety.

Editors-in-Chief of IARSA international journals shall communicate this policy to their editors and reviewers so there is no confusion over the publication of conference papers in journals.

Authors are always required to disclose prior conference publication at the time of submission to IARSA International Education and Research Journal (IIERJ). The paper submitted to IIERJ does not need to be different from the original conference paper (it could be identical), because the paper should be assessed on its scientific merit, not on some arbitrary expectation of “being different.” Authors are required to conform to the copyright policy of IIERJ, which normally involves both transferring copyright to IIERJ and reassigning rights to authors. The final journal article should acknowledge the provenance of the original conference paper, regardless of the extent of the eventual changes, for instance, in the form of a footnote on the title page.

Rationale

One important contribution to society that we as researchers make is the advancement of knowledge. This calls for the widest possible dissemination of research, so that the research can reach as many interested parties as possible, and in turn be used to develop new knowledge. Actions that limit this wide-spread dissemination inhibit our ability as a field to advance science and society as a whole. Publication of research results in conferences followed by the publication of a more refined contribution in IIERJ is a normal and healthy part of the scientific process. The conference review process and the presentation of the study to colleagues help improve the research, so the research has the opportunity to be much more fully developed for review by IIERJ. Any policy that inhibits this ability to improve research inhibits the advancement of knowledge.

Some have expressed concern that such an open policy on the dissemination of knowledge enables authors to “double count” research as both a conference paper and a journal article. Such concerns are based on a worldview that publishing is a game in which “players” score “points” from publications and it is important to ensure that no players score more than they deserve (Johnston and Riemer, 2014). We suggest that this is a flawed worldview. We often use the language of games to describe our profession, but the profession is not a game; we should not be concerned about some fictional “score” when our fundamental moral duty is to contribute to society. In any event, we are confident that those holding this worldview are quite capable of discerning an accurate “score” when a journal article acknowledges prior publication in a conference.

Some have expressed concern that we should not “waste” IIERJ space on previously published conference papers, since most conference papers are widely accessible over the Internet. In this digital age, when many if not most journals have moved past paper editions, there is no space to waste. This view also assumes that conference papers do not improve as they move through additional rounds of journal review. While it is possible for outstanding papers to move through the review process with little value added, this is rare. The journal review process usually deepens and sharpens the scientific contribution of the research. The additional peer review of IIERJ publication process also provides an additional layer of assurance that the study’s conclusions are valid and reliable, and thus adds value to the knowledge dissemination process. Likewise, IIERJ publication signals to the community that the contribution of the research is more substantial than publication in a conference would indicate and enables others in the research community to more quickly identify important research that has the potential for impact.

Some have expressed the belief that a submission to IIERJ must somehow be different than the conference paper (e.g., “30% different”). This too misses the point. There is no scientific value in being different. It is common that authors deepen their understanding of the issues by discussing their research at a conference, so a paper submitted to IIERJ, with its potentially longer length, provides an opportunity for authors to revise and extend their thinking. Likewise, the IIERJ review process typically results in changes to the paper as the authors respond to the comments of the review team. Both types of changes are usual and important, because they address the scientific merit of the research, not change purely for the sake of change. There is no requirement that a paper submitted to IIERJ for review should be different than the conference paper because making differences to meet some arbitrary threshold offers no scientific merit. Still, we strongly encourage authors to reflect on the conference interactions and improve their paper prior to submission to IIERJ. It is incumbent on authors to ensure that the paper that they submit to IIERJ is likely to reach the IIERJ’s quality threshold.

There is an ongoing discussion of self-plagiarism, where an author re-uses a portion of one paper in another (see Clarke, 2009). Self-plagiarism occurs when an author plagiarizes the scientific contribution of one of his or her prior studies; for example, by publishing the same study with the same scientific contribution in two different places. Publishing a conference paper in IIERJ, where the prior conference publication is disclosed, is not self-plagiarism. Likewise, reusing sentences, paragraphs and even entire sections of prior published papers in a new paper is not self-plagiarism, even when the volume is large, so long as the provenance of the original material is fully disclosed to the editor and/or cited where appropriate. Copying text (e.g., case or method descriptions) from one paper you have authored to another does not plagiarize scientific contribution, so long as you disclose this to the editor and/or cite the original source.

IARSA believes that it is the best interests of the field for research to be first presented at a conference and then published in a more refined format in IIERJ. The conference review process and the presentation of the study to colleagues help improve the research, so the research has the opportunity to be much more fully developed for review by IIERJ. As a result, the IARSA Policy on Conference and Journal Publication encourages conference papers to be published in IIERJ. This policy applies to IARSA conferences (so there are no copyright issues to prevent your IARSA conference paper from being published in IIERJ. (so there are no restrictions preventing you from submitting your paper from any conference {IARSA or not} to IIERJ).

SCHOLARLY MISCONDUCT

A. Purpose

The purpose of the Scholarly Misconduct policy is to provide guidelines for investigating and adjudicating claims of plagiarism and other scholarly misconduct. This policy embodies the principle that every effort should be made to resolve disputes without resort to formal investigation. Moreover, it is not reasonable to assume that all researchers are informed, or even agree, as to what constitutes acceptable professional practice. Even experienced scholars are sometimes in dispute over what constitutes ethical behavior. Thus, while sanctions may be appropriate in some cases, counseling and training may be appropriate in others.

Misconduct occurs in varying degrees of severity and in many different forms. Each case of alleged member misconduct is expected to have unique aspects and it is impossible to provide a “one size fits all” procedure. This policy is perhaps most suitable for cases where documentary evidence can be obtained to establish authorship or other misconduct with a high degree of certainty. In general, the process should keep all parties informed and allow a respondent to take responsibility before a more serious step in the process occurs. The process should be adapted to fit each individual case while preserving the important principles of the policy.

In general, IARSA members are expected to comply with the IARSA Code of Research Conduct which provides a basis for ethical scholarly practice. The IARSA Publications and Research Committee regards the Code of Research Conduct not merely as a set of narrow rules upon which complaints of scholarly misconduct may be based, but rather as a source of guidance for the scholarly community.

Editors of non- IARSA publications are free to adopt in whole or in part the IARSA Code of Research Conduct and the procedures described in this policy. However these processes, guidelines, or such “rules” as they may imply, are not intended to apply to, or otherwise inappropriately interfere with, non- IARSA publications.

“Scholarly misconduct” is the term we use to describe behaviors by researchers that contravene the IARSA Code of Research Conduct. While plagiarism is the form of scholarly misconduct that receives the most attention, there are other forms of scholarly misconduct, such as the fabrication or falsification of data, research procedures or data analysis, or the exercise of power or bias in scholarly activities.

“Plagiarism” is: a. the use of another person’s writings, information, ideas, concepts or data without that person’s permission; b. misrepresentation to an editor or conference program chair about the originality of the submitted work (often called “self-plagiarism”).